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Cocaine and Crack

What are cocaine and crack?

Cocaine is a drug that is extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. It is a white crystalline powder that can be snorted, smoked or injected. Crack is a purified form of cocaine that looks like small white chunks, or rocks. Cocaine and crack are powerfully addictive stimulants that can cause serious side effects.

Street names:

Big C, Blow, Bump, Coke, Nose Candy, Rock, Snow, Yayo

Did you know?

  • Combining cocaine and alcohol increases the risk of seizure and congestive heart failure.
  • Smoking crack cocaine can lead to extremely aggressive, paranoid behavior.

Dangerous because:

  • Use can increase heart rate and high blood pressure, and can lead to heart attack, stroke, seizures and, in rare cases, sudden death.
  • Snorting cocaine can lead to the loss of the sense of smell, burned nasal membranes, sores in the nose, and nosebleeds.
  • Users may feel restless and irritable, and can experience increased anxiety and vivid nightmares. Long-term use can lead to paranoia and aggression.

Signs of use:

  • Sniffing
  • Nosebleeds
  • Sneezing
  • Nervousness, restlessness, and agitation
  • High energy
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Paranoia